How The Weather Affects Bass
The first thing to understand is that bass are a warm water species, so in layman’s terms, they prefer warmer water. The term warm can be a relative term however, during different times of the year the fish are going to relate to different temperatures. This means in the spring, fall, and even the winter, the fish will be hunting warmer water.
Whereas in the summer, the fish will be looking for cooler water. The reason behind this being, when the water gets too hot, it isn’t able to hold enough oxygen for fish to survive. Thus, a thermocline is born… we’ll save talking about that for a later date!
Overall, this is why fishermen love the spring and fall seasons the most, because the bass come up shallow chasing that warmer water and this makes them easier to catch.
Now, let’s talk about weather changes. The only really good weather change is a warm one, this will help get the fish’s metabolisms going faster, making them eat more. On cooling trends, it tends to put the fish into what we call “a bad mood”. This cooler water slows their metabolisms down and yes, it makes our jobs as anglers a lot harder. There are ways to overcome this though.
Bass Instincts… Use These To Your Advantage
Let’s say you roll up to your favorite lake and the fish are not cooperating, meaning you couldn’t buy a bite. What do you do? You either slow down and go smaller, or you go bigger and go for that reaction bite. Fish have built in instincts to eat something that is wounded, that’s how they are wired. That’s why jerkbaits are one of the most effective baits on the market, and the same reason you seem to always catch a fish after your crankbait bounces off of a rock. That erratic movement triggers those fish, whereas if it came past them at a steady pace, they probably wouldn’t even move an inch towards it. When it makes that erratic movement, it triggers their primal instinct to jump all over that easy meal.
Now, the other option is to downsize and finesse those finicky bass. A smaller, slow moving bait can be just the ticket into getting those fish to eat. That smaller bait is an easier meal, it’s crawling across the bottom or moving so slow that they have a ton of time to think about it. So, next time you hit a tough bite, keep these tips and ideas in mind and you just might be surprised.